Fatigue fractures are more common in athletes and mainly relate to bones subject to repeated loading. WHAT IS A FATIGUE FRACTURE? A fatigue fracture is usually a fracture caused by constant bone loading during intense exercise.
These fractures concern the two malleoli, the lateral and the medial, which are actually the lower ends of two bones, the tibia and the fibula, which support the ankle as the weight of the body is transferred on it during walking. When the malleoli are fractured, the articular surface that carries body weight onto the ankle is disrupted. That is why ankle fractures must be properly aligned, as they can cause arthritis.
Morton’s Neuroma was first described in 1876 as perineural fibrosis – degeneration of the common plantar digital nerves. It is most commonly observed in the 3rd intermetatarsal space of the foot. Typical is the neuropathic type of pain due to chronic nerve irritation. The condition is more common in women, 20 to 50 years old, with slim legs who usually wear tight and high heels.
What is Achilles tendonitis?
The inflammation that a tendon may undergo is called tendonitis. The Achilles tendon, being the largest and most powerful tendon of the human body, is responsible for its support. Achilles tendon connects the muscles of the gastrocnemius to the heel. However, despite being the largest and most powerful tendon, it does not have its own blood supply. This makes it directly dependent on neighboring tissues. This dependency makes him particularly vulnerable. Injuries are very common and any injury to the Achilles tendon is very difficult to heal.
Hallux valgus or bunion is a malposition of the first radius of the foot where the first metatarsal is inwardly directed and the big toe outwardly. As a result, the head of the metatarsal protrudes inwards, resulting in friction on the shoe. The condition is more common in women than in men and has inherited features. The deformation is largely caused by the use of narrow and triangular footwear and is rarely observed in populations that do not wear footwear.
The stiff big toe or hallux rigidus is characterized by limited mobility of the big toe; however, this is just one of the symptoms that lead to the diagnosis of the condition. Indeed, hallux rigidus is an evolving condition that manifests itself with stiff toe and osteophyte formation, especially on the dorsal surface of the first metatarsal head.
What is an arthroscopy of the ankle joint?
An arthroscopy of the ankle joint is an operation used to assess, diagnose and treat conditions that do not respond to physiotherapy, medication or other non-surgical approaches. Arthroscopy provides a quick, easy and clear image of the joint. There are two types of arthroscopy; the diagnostic arthroscopy to assess the joint and diagnose its pathology and the therapeutic arthroscopy to restore its damage. Usually these two operations are performed at the same time.